## How good is the car's range prediction

CZeroOwner
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Location: Denmark

### How good is the car's range prediction

This graph shows the error in the rest or remaining range (RR) predicted by the car. Each dot is a "trip" consisting of continuous data. I found them by dividing my recorded data into trips in which the largest change in the odometer (odo) or the RR was 1 km. This means that larger changes such as turning on or off the heater or the AC marked a new trip. If data collection stopped this was marked as the end of a trip. This resulted in about 300 trips. For each trip I subtracted the start odo from the end odo to get the number of km driven. To get the true number of km driven I reduced the odo km driven by 5% based on experience. Then, I removed all trips less than 5 km because I figured that they were of no interest. 240 trips remained.
After that I subtracted the end RR from the start RR to get the number RR km used for each trip. Finally I subtracted the RR used from the true km driven to find the error. This means that if the km driven were greater than the RR km used the error is positive. As you can see the reverse is more often true. I used more RR km than the true km driven. For the longest trips the average error was about -10 km.

The next graph shows the error as a function of the average speed for each trip.

As expected I ate up the RR at high speed.

This is a graph of the error as a function of the predicted RR at the start of each trip.

The reassuring thing here is that as the RR gets smaller both the accuracy and the precision of the prediction improves. So if there is only a 10 km left in the battery and you are worried about making it home the RR is more dependable.

The impression I got form the graphs above is that the error is large but actually it isn’t as bad as it looks.

This graph shows the distribution of the errors. The most frequent difference between RR km used and true driven km is in fact 0. 20% of the time there is practically no error. About half the errors are between -5 and +5 km and 2/3 of the errors are between -10 and +10 km.
kiev
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

That's interesting data, especially the distribution curve.

i usually don't pay attention to the RR until i'm trying to get home and know that i will have to "beat" the meter (i.e. have a positive error) to make it. When fuel is getting down toward the 2 bars blinking, then it seems that RR and odo match up fairly well, and that's when i'm really taking it easy on the accelerator pedal, lots of coasting in N, no brakes, etc...
kiev = kenny's innovative electric vehicle
1kaspars
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

RR shows range till 10% remainig capacity!!! when RR shows --- km, then there is 10% left.
Turtle light comes on at 8,5%.
Sometimes car stops @ 4,5%.
EU 2012 I-MIEV owner for 24months, 24'000 miles driven, odom 56'500miles, 38.5Ah left
Don
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

So if the car often stops moving at 4.5%, then the RR is actually showing range 'til 5.5% and not 10% I find in my two cars over the past 6+ years, how far the car will go after zero RR appears to be a constantly decreasing number - When they were new, I could go 6 or 7 miles at 45 or 50 mph without worry - Sure can't do that anymore!

I find the RR estimation surprisingly accurate . . . . most of the time . . . . which is what the graph seems to show. When you consider it's a calculation 'made on the fly' as things are constantly changing, I think it's doing an amazing job of showing you numbers you can actually make use of . . . . unlike the RR number in my Chevy Volt which seems to show me an average over my last several trips, rather than being constantly adjusted depending on current driving conditions, like our iMiEV gauge shows

Nothing is perfect, but it does surprisingly well in my opinion and I use it all the time

Don
2012 iMiEV SE Premium, Raspberry Metallic
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JoeS
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

CZeroOwner, thank you very much for the plots - always fun to look at numbers and see how data is presented.

First off, as you know the predictions are based on a moving average of the consumption of the preceding 24km (15 miles), excluding heating/aircon usage. Although heating reduces the displayed RR by approximately 20% and aircon by about 10%, it's my understanding that the actual consumption does not enter into the predictive algorithm.

As we all know, variations in speed, altitude, head/tailwind, leadfoot vs. featherfoot, etc. can dramatically alter our consumption and thus, eventually, the RR display. In my case, I've had full-charge RR variations between 40 miles to over 80 miles.

That said, I rely on RR as simply another datapoint, mentally compensating knowing the conditions I had driven in for the past 15 miles. I feel that the consistency of our display makes it certainly better than whatever are the convoluted algorithms in the Leaf and Bolt GOMs.

Having a GPS in front of me with the destination dialed in on any longer trips makes it very easy to compare the RR with the GPS distance to destination and as long as RR is larger, no problem. It's especially valuable at the lower end of the scale, although I have personally never seen zero RR nor turtle.

Best at predicting is the Tesla, which is uncanny in very accurately predicting the remaining SoC at the destination over incredible distances after one enters the destination into their nav system! I's my understanding that their algorithm takes into account many variables, among them being speed over that particular stretch, altitude, interior temperature, exterior temperature, and (I was told by a Tesla rep) headwinds/tailwinds anticipated over the course. Notably, it does NOT take driver's past performance into account.
EVs: Two '12 Wht/Blu SE Prem., '13 TeslaMS85, three 156v CorbinSparrowsLi(NMC), 24v EcoScoot(LiFePO4)
EV Conversions: 156v '86 Ram PU, 144v '65 Saab96, 48v1kW bike
RIP(2021) ICE: Orig.Owner '67 Saab96V4, '88 IsuzuTrooper; '76 MBZ L206D RHD RV
1kaspars
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

Don wrote:So if the car often stops moving at 4.5%, then the RR is actually showing range 'til 5.5% and not 10%
(..)

Don
RR shows range till 10%! I have constantly monitored that with Hobdrive app + ELM327. 10,5% charge - RR shows ~ 1km left.
Maybe there is difference between EU and USA models.

I usually plan my trips counting that reserve after " - - - km "
EU 2012 I-MIEV owner for 24months, 24'000 miles driven, odom 56'500miles, 38.5Ah left
Don
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### Re: How good is the car's range prediction

My point was . . . . if the car stops moving at 4.5%, then the 10% remaining isn't really 10%, since a big part of it isn't usable

Don