skylogger
Posts: 74
Joined: Sun Dec 14, 2014 3:54 am

Re: Troubleshooting and repair for On-board Charger (OBC), DC-DC Converter

Thu Nov 29, 2018 12:42 am

ChristofER: I bought a chinease clone of a MUT III diagnostic tool, and I can use it to scan all the DTCs like a real MUT III, but one of the
weird things is that when I go to the menu section to look at things like EV-ECU, CMU, BMU and OBC hardware and firmware revisions, it cannot read anything from the OBC. I've tried it on three different fully working IMIEVs and same situation. From what I've read in different places, There is more than one canbus in the IMIEV, and the EV-ECU acts like a firewall connecting between them. KIEV can correct me, but I think DTCs from the OBC get copied to the EV-ECU, and the MUT III is reading these error codes from the EV-ECU and not from the OBC itself. I had a case where I read OBC and DC-DC errors (because the 20 amp fuse was blown) I replaced the 20 amp fuse and the OBC with a different charger, and when I powered up everything again, I still had the OBC and DC-DC Errors. I had to erase the stored errors and run it again fresh to get the real status. Since you had to unplug all the nest of wires and quick disconnect connectors on the main PCB, I would do another re-check through that all of those got plugged back into the correct spots.
When I was frist starting on a OBC, I used KIEVs suggesting to solder wires onto the pins on the connectors along the white strips (all the connections you had to unsolder to remove the waffle) and I ran these wires out to a external terminal block. I could then apply AC to the input of the charger and check different voltage points while the top pcb was safely fitted back down. Check what voltage is sitting across the big three caps. That will tell you if the front end of the charger is ok. You can use KIEV's schematic of the main board to see which white strip connector pins can be used as test points.

mikedufty
Posts: 28
Joined: Tue Apr 05, 2016 1:04 am
Location: Western Australia

Re: Troubleshooting and repair for On-board Charger (OBC), DC-DC Converter

Thu Nov 29, 2018 12:53 am

I'm not really sure what is going on, they seem to be saying the fuse is testing OK but they need to replace it anyway. Previous advice was that they had solved the problem. I hope that is correct, but not much I can do except wait.

DBMandrake
Posts: 84
Joined: Mon Mar 20, 2017 4:57 am
Location: Scotland

Re: Troubleshooting and repair for On-board Charger (OBC), DC-DC Converter

Thu Nov 29, 2018 5:28 am

skylogger wrote:ChristofER: I bought a chinease clone of a MUT III diagnostic tool, and I can use it to scan all the DTCs like a real MUT III, but one of the
weird things is that when I go to the menu section to look at things like EV-ECU, CMU, BMU and OBC hardware and firmware revisions, it cannot read anything from the OBC. I've tried it on three different fully working IMIEVs and same situation. From what I've read in different places, There is more than one canbus in the IMIEV, and the EV-ECU acts like a firewall connecting between them. KIEV can correct me, but I think DTCs from the OBC get copied to the EV-ECU, and the MUT III is reading these error codes from the EV-ECU and not from the OBC itself.

I don't think there are multiple CANBUS networks in the i-Miev. (Even the Chademo port shares the same global CANBUS AFAIK) What it does have though is some redundant communication between critical drive related ECU's using the old "K-Line" protocols over separate wires.

In the event that CANBUS communications between key driving safety related ECU's are lost they will revert to using K-Line communication.

BTW, to read anything from the OBC the car actually has to be plugged in to power - I'm not sure if it has to be actively charging, or whether just being plugged in with the key on is sufficient as mine has always been charging when I have tried to query the OBC with a Lexia. But you definitely cannot interrogate the OBC when the car is not plugged into AC, even if the key is on. (It clearly says in the Lexia instructions that the car has to be plugged in to query the OBC)
- Simon

EV: 2011 Peugeot Ion
ICE: 1997 Citroen Xantia V6

skylogger
Posts: 74
Joined: Sun Dec 14, 2014 3:54 am

Re: Troubleshooting and repair for On-board Charger (OBC), DC-DC Converter

Thu Nov 29, 2018 9:33 pm

DBMandrake:

Thank you for pointing out that the OBC has to have AC active to be able to see it on canbus. That has stumped me for a while.
I do have some documentation that does show there are more than one CANBUS in a IMIEV. I'll start posting some pictures to show this.
On the schematics, one CANBUS has the signal names CNVL and CNVH while the other CANBUS has signals called CNBL and CNBH. I came across this when I was trying to do CANBUS Sniffing on the CHADEMO Connector, and found it quiet, while the CANBUS on the Diagnostic connector under the dash was really active. The CANBUS that connects to the CHADEMO Connector also connects to the BMU and CMU (CELL Monitor boards) and the BMU. Here is one page showing the CMUs and CANBL and CANBH signals:
Image

I'll edit this post when I can find another page with the other canbus signals. There is also an overview page I had that shows the two CANBUS seperated. The guy that developed EVBATMON also pointed this out to me.

Here is another schematic page showing signals CANVH and CANVL
Image

Here is an overview of the CANBUS. The Battery unit is in the center with it's CANBUS and CANBUS connection to the BMU. You will notice that the BMU is showing two CANBUS connections, one to the left to the Battery unit, and one to the right to the EV-ECU and other devices:
Image

My scanner is doing weird things, but on the schematic page showing the Cell monitor boards, there is a CANBUS Terminating resistor that got cut off the scan, I'll see if I can re-scan that section. This shows a terminating resistor specific to the CANBUS for the Battery Unit.

ChristopheFR
Posts: 17
Joined: Sat Aug 11, 2018 1:08 am

Re: Troubleshooting and repair for On-board Charger (OBC), DC-DC Converter

Mon Dec 10, 2018 2:36 pm

Hello tout le monde
Finally, I bought a second charger (thanks to the french forum). The owner changed his charger by a new Citroen, and he had the good idea to recover the charger out of order

I only changed one of the two 1000 pF capacitors

The two resistors 4R7 were good and the relay too

Image


And it works! So no other problems from the car.

YES-YES-YEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEES !
:D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D :D
Thank you all for this extra forum and for your answers!

Okay now, I need to repar the charger #1,

Question:
Both chargers #1 and #2 are exactly the same: do you think I can put the top PCB of the charger #1 into the charger #2 without danger for the charger #2?

This would allow me to guide research on the failure.

If the charger #2 still works with the top PCB of the charger #1, it means that the failure of the charger #1 comes from the bottom PCB.

If the charger #2 no longer works, then the failure for the charger #1 is coming from this card (or both). Correct?

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